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Sunday, 4 October 2020

Cheryll Glotfelty is an avid reader, nature lover, and concerned planetary citizen. Cheryll Glotfelty is the co-founder and past president of the Association for the Study of Literature and Environment (ASLE). 

Ecocriticism is the literary response to the most pressing contemporary issue of all, the global environmental crisis. The ecological approach to literary studies is an environmental perspective in contemporary literary studies. We have been living in an age of environmental crisis. 

The field of environmental literary criticism was planted in the 1980s. An ecological literary study emerged as a recognizable critical school by 1993. The fundamental premise of ecological criticism is that human culture is intimately connected to the physical world. Human culture affects the physical world and is affected by it. Ecocritics examine the human perception of wilderness. They also explore the transformation of human perception of nature in the course of history. They find out whether current environmental issues are accurately represented or even mentioned in popular culture and modern literature. 

William Rueckert may have been the first person to use the term “ecocriticism”. In 1978, Rueckert published an essay titled Literature and Ecology: An Experiment in Ecocriticism. He argues the use of ecology and ecological concepts to the study of literature. Ecocriticism is an organized movement to study literature from the environmental perspective. 

Ecocriticism is distinct from other critical approaches. The literary theory generally examines the relations between writers, texts, and the world. The current environmental problems are large of our own making- a by-product of culture. Ecocriticism explores the link between human life and the environment. 

Ecocriticism opposes exploitative development. The ecological analysis of human life reflected in literature has been called ecological Criticism or Ecocriticism. The critical theory deals with the relationship between human life and nature. 

The ecological approach to literature emerged in our postmodern age. It takes into account the contemporary global environmental crisis. Race, class, and gender were the crucial topics of the late twentieth century. Earth’s life support system has come under stress. Literary study has become preoccupied with the environmental concerns in the twenty-first century. 

Ecocriticism is the study of the relationship between literature and the physical environment. Just as feminist criticism examines language and literature from a feminist perspective, and Marxist criticism brings an awareness of modes of production and economic class to its analysis of texts, ecocriticism is a nature-centered approach to literary studies. Ecocritics and theorists study the representation of nature in the sonnet. They examine the role of the physical setting in the plot of the novel, drama, and short story. They examine the consistency of the values expressed in the play with ecological wisdom. In addition to race, class, and gender, Ecocritics have added a new critical category called ‘place’. They explore the ways literature affected humankind’s relationship to the natural world. Science itself is open to literary analysis. 

Ecocriticism is broad in its scope. The fundamental premise of Ecocriticism is that human culture is connected to the physical world, affecting it and affected by it. An interconnection between nature and culture is the subject of Ecocriticism. Ecocriticism is distinct from other critical approaches. 

William Rueckert used the term Ecocriticism for the examination of literary works by using ecology and ecological concepts. Human actions have been damaging the planet’s life support systems. We are responsible to a large extent for contemporary environmental problems. We should change our way of life, otherwise, we will lose most of the natural beauty and biodiversity which has enriched our life. Currently, other terms like ecopoetics, environmental literary criticism, and green cultural studies are used to refer to the study of interconnection between nature and human life. 

Ecocriticism studies how nature is represented in literature. It raises consciousness. It has promulgated Nature writing which teaches us to value the natural world. Nature writing has a rich past, a vibrant present, and a promising future. 


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